What
actually is Scale Invariance?

It
was lauded as a significant finding in Fractals, which seemed to
indicate that the very same patterns could recur at all scales, for
the very same equations drifting into “chaos”.

But, what is really being revealed?

For, let us be absolutely clear, Fractals and “chaos”, as were the ground for this discovery, are certainly features of Form

*: indeed, I insist on clearly labeling such areas of study as*

**alone****Mathematical or Formal Chaos**.

For, before we trundle off into what is a very straightforward
account of Scale Invariance, I must first differentiate between this
purely formal area and

**Turbulence**in the real, physical World – for it really does exist and is, in the usually inverted way, also put down to a merely physical embodiment of Formal Chaos,It isn’t, of course!

If anything, it has to be the exact opposite way round with Turbulence! For Pure Form does not and cannot

*concrete Reality. It is a definitely physical Reality that delivers Form! Yet, perhaps surprisingly, Pure Form does have its own laws, which, as distinct from those associated with phenomena in the physical World, can be seen as Absolute Truths. Yet though these laws only relate disembodied Forms – formal abstractions, they can always cause misconceptions when they are carried over in concrete Reality.*

**drive**NOTE: Now, such issues are complex and interesting, and have been investigated elsewhere by this author, but the full arguments cannot all be included here, though anyone interested in a Philosophical approach to Mathematics will find a large amount of detailed reasoning on the author’s

**SHAPE**

*Site on the Internet.*

**Journal**
And
I suggest a look at these, if this paper alone seems insufficient,
for I am likely to leave out many a point, because it has been
adequately dealt with elsewhere.

Now, returning to our stated area, I must clarify why it is important
to bury the misconceptions around Scale Invariance.

The mathematicians, after an initial panic at the discovery, soon
became delighted that in purely formal experiments on computers,
driven there, it is true, by entirely formal relations, they were
able to generate some of the “break up” of form

*their “sacred” formulae. And this seemed to indicate, once and for all, that everything of significance did indeed reside in the equations alone. “***without ever leaving***”, they would exclaim, “***As we always knew***(my quotes)”.***It is Form that delivers all of physical Reality. Once we have the formulae, we have everything we need to “explain” the world**
And such is, of course, no longer only the stance of the
mathematicians, for since the victory of the

**Copenhagen Interpretation of Quantum Theory**in the 1920s, it has also been the position of the sub atomic physicists too.Yet it is, in that area (the study of Physical Reality), an abandonment of materialism for idealism, though in a shamefaced, positivist way! For disembodied and indeed purely formal relations cannot drive concrete Reality. It has to be the other way round!

So, the discoveries of Mathematical Chaos were considered proof that
this philosophical stance (if you can call such an amalgam that) was
right! But if you insist upon the exact opposite, and have all Forms as
determined by physical Reality, then Scale Invariance in certain
“chaotic”-type formulae, become merely a special case of the
universal nature of all Form.

NOTE: Also, as has been shown by this author, it is imperative not to
confuse the Real world (

**Reality**), with that alluring world in which only Pure Forms exist (**Ideality**). For though there is a sort of mapping between them, it is only causal in the Reality-to-Ideality direction. It is**never**true in the opposite direction. And if you ever use Form as a cause, it simply means that you DO NOT know what physical things caused it to be so in Reality.
All equations are

**descriptions**and NOT**explanations**.
For, the very same general Forms, with the same equations (apart from
the differing values of the constants involved) appear throughout
Reality, and at widely different Levels of Organisation. But, of course, no scientist (worth the name) would say that they
were all

*by the very same***caused***. Indeed, such a position smacks of some entirely non-physical, driving “principles” causing absolutely everything. Where would these come from?***driving essence**Would there still have been such driving essences prior to the Big Bang – or in totally Empty Space?

Are there eternal and non-physical drivers of all that happens that
were always true from the Origin of the Universe to its final demise?
For if so we are talking of eternal laws! But, as soon as we allow
the development and creation of the entirely new in that sphere, the
whole standpoint falls to the ground, because without the permanent
“Hand of God” in such a process, it means that Reality is
“

**self-developing**”!Frankly, that idealist position constantly smacks of a designing and maintaining God, and is totally reprehensible to a real scientist, who actually

*otherwise, due to his experience and discoveries. (If you could, you should have asked Darwin!)*

**knows**For as he or she delves ever deeper into their chosen area of study, they not only find

**physical causes**for things, but also see every single “essence”

*at the crossing of the boundaries of each and every Domain of Applicability – absolutely everywhere they look!*

**totally collapse**
The idealist position is unsustainable for real researching and
committed searchers for the “truths” of the World – and they
always know that every single extraction that they make will
definitely need to be changed to make it better many times in the
future. [Only mathematicians deal in Absolute Truth, and that is NOT of this
World!]

I always like to characterise Fractals and Scale Invariance NOT as
the fundamental truths of Reality, but as essential constructive
“frigs” of animation! “

*”, the mathematician asks, “***You want a real-looking coastline?***”***I can give you several. Look at these and with a few changes of constant, I can tailor your choice to fit your needs!**
Now, in case anyone is thinking of dismissing this contribution as
that of a non-mathematician, may I correct you? I have been doing serious Mathematics since I was 12, and am a
qualified and practising mathematician since University almost half a
century ago. Indeed, Mathematics is the essential Handmaiden to my main
professional specialism, for I am also a qualified physicist. Finally, I also rose in yet another specialism to be a Director of
Information Technology in a College of London University. So, I am
also an expert in computing having been in 4 posts in Higher
Education in Hong Kong, Glasgow and London.

Hence, these criticisms are not uninformed prejudices from

**without**, but highly informed and valid criticisms from*!***within**
Indeed, many years ago, working with

**Jagan Gomatam**, we investigated**Van Der Pol**’s famous equation, applied instead to modelling the workings of a living Heart (purely formally of course), and via forced mathematical Chaos, using iterative formulae, managed to create formal breakdowns, which mapped onto real world**Fibrillations**and even**Heart Attacks**.
Jagan, who was the best Mathematician I ever worked with, did the
Mathematics, and I implemented them on the University’s computers
Jagan also did internationally renowned work on Chemical Reaction
Fronts in Liquids using the same oscillating reactions as were used
by

**Winfree**in the USA.
He was a master of his craft!

Yet at no point was Mathematical Chaos the

**cause**of what happens in the failing living heart. That is NOT due to its equation moving into Chaos, but to real physical causes that undermined its previous Stability – a state in which a seemingly permanent stability of a System – the heart in a living body, began to be significantly undermined to at first oscillate, though still functioning, before biting the dust as a functioning system.
NOTE:
It is interesting that once the conditions for a “Fibrillation”
had been established they would continue exactly the same forever in
these simulations. That is never what happens in the real world! The
purely formal treatment could not handle the real dynamics involved.

Instead of studying Mathematical Chaos to “find the reasons” the
scientific way would have to be to study real, physical Stabilities,
both in their initial establishment, their continuing maintenance,
and then their final demise.

Once again the writer of this paper can claim to have published

*, which detailed the trajectories of all such transitions happening at all Levels of Reality, and the objective of such researches was never to end up with a formula.***The Theory of Emergences**
WHY?

Because such a transition moves through a multiplicity of Phases in
quick succession, and crucially each new phase cannot be predicted
from the formulae of its immediately prior Phase. Indeed, the final
result of a successful Emergence – the establishment of an entirely
New Level, never before in existence, is also totally unpredictable
from anything in the prior Stability! In the processes of the establishment of the new Level the entirely
New is created! Do you want an example? It is Life!

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